The Hypertension among Women with Diabetes Mellitus Patients of Single Ethnicity within 10 Years of Treatment
Background and Aim: Hypertension is often prevalent among diabetes patients. However, the risk factors of hypertension are mostly affected by age, gender, and ethnicity, which are non-modifiable. Therefore, in the present study, we have analyzed the prevalence of hypertension and various risk factors associated with it among women with diabetes mellitus from Tamilian community. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of type 2 diabetes mellitus patients in our Institute hospital. We recruited female patients with Tamil origin of three generations. The case history and personal history and basal demographic parameters were noted down. Five ml of fasting blood was collected for routine analysis. Plasma was stored for estimation of osteoprotegerin (OPG) and insulin. Results: Hypertension was associated with family history of cardiovascular disease (CVD), abdominal obesity, dyslipidemia and higher rate pressure product. Conclusion: Diabetes women of Tamil community and with family history of CVD may benefit from weight loss, lifestyle modification and monitoring of blood pressure in early part of life.
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