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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 166-169

The development of social and educational mobility of students using effective functioning of the educational units


Department of Pedagogy and Psychology, Penza State University, Penza, Russia

Date of Web Publication29-Jan-2018

Correspondence Address:
Lygina Marina
Department of Pedagogy and Psychology, Penza State University, Penza
Russia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijcep.ijcep_50_17

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  Abstract 

The mobility in education is nothing but the cross border studies applied on teachers and students as well as educational training institutions. There are number of reasons for using educational mobility in different countries. The educational units or an institution plays very significant role in the development of social and educational mobility of students. The migrants should understand the educational functions, activities, and other activities of migrated country; therefore, the educational institutions should conduct frequent training programs for migrants. The effective training mainly depends on different social problems; hence, it is required to have program to solve such social problems effectively. This can be possible only through the effective functioning of educational units. In the present study, we have focused on the Russian educational units, in which the professional training is required to develop the social and educational motility of migrants.

Keywords: Education, institution, migrants, mobility, social, students, training


How to cite this article:
Marina L. The development of social and educational mobility of students using effective functioning of the educational units. Int J Clin Exp Physiol 2017;4:166-9

How to cite this URL:
Marina L. The development of social and educational mobility of students using effective functioning of the educational units. Int J Clin Exp Physiol [serial online] 2017 [cited 2018 Jul 22];4:166-9. Available from: http://www.ijcep.org/text.asp?2017/4/4/166/224165


  Introduction Top


For all types of education, Russia is known for long time tradition in high-quality education. In fact, Russian education is one of the superior systems of educationin all over the world as it contributes to 98% of literacy rate, which is the best in all western European countries. The Russian education is conducted as mandatory basic education and ongoing higher education. This leads to large number of student's migration for education in Russian high schools. This is called as international mobility.[1],[2] The professional training of teachers in Russian high schools depends on the state of the social problems which requires professional education of high quality that would enable its graduates to solve social problems without any difficulties. Alot of reforms and directions of policy are focusing on the solution of such a problem.[3] According to this, building of conditions in a pedagogical institute which can motivate the students to participate in social and educational activities is very important. In the aspect of the problem, the training of future teachers needs to get new technologies of sharing knowledge as well as to enhance the accent of getting new social and pedagogical techniques.[1] The experience of various social activities, self-management, and living in the system of democratic relations is provided by student's associations. Student's pedagogical teams are having a special place in this system.[4],[5] The history of pedagogical teams in Russia began in the second half of the 60s of the 20thcentury. The popularity and mass character of this social movement were determined by specific features of the Russian pedagogical culture, which is associated with the strengthening of the role of social education and humanization in pedagogical processes.[2] In the present study, we are focusing on the development of social and educational mobility of students through the effective training institutions.


  Pedagogical Teams Top


The pedagogical team of students is freeware, self-governing, nonprofit professional group of students from different educational institutions. Pedagogical team is formed on the basis of interest in educational activities to carry out social and educational initiatives among children and teenagers and then improve their professional pedagogical level. There may be a number of associations for pedagogical teams. The pedagogical teams can be formed based on different reasons such as the following:

Presence of formal registration

  • Officially registered
  • Unregistered but operating on the basis and with the support of the official state structures
  • Informal, usually freewill associations of volunteers, where teaching activity is a hobby in their free time.


According to degree of autonomy

  • Educational units created based on the initiative of the students themselves and governed by them
  • Created because of the initiative of teachers and other professionals acting for their participation and leadership.


According to staff

  • Consisting of students, studying pedagogics
  • Consisting of students, mastering nonpedagogical specialties.


According to the time of existence

  • Created for a short period of time to fulfill individual projects or to work in a children's camp during a session or the whole season.[6],[7] This group may include groups of students at teaching practice and who carry out their activities on the pedagogical team model
  • Existing for a long time, which has a lot of years of activity behind, which has developed different traditions of social and pedagogical creativity. There is a special group of pedagogical teams lasting throughout the whole year in some children's centers. For example, there is “Artek,” “Orlenok,” and “Ocean.” In this case, the pedagogical team is a working group, where boys and girls act as teachers and organizers of temporary groups of children. The age of the teaching staff is a reason to assign counselors as a part of a pedagogical team. Their second feature is the high importance of informal relationships and specific corporate culture.


According to the content of activity

  • Realizing a concrete direction, for example, relating to ecology, tourism, journalism
  • Carrying out a comprehensive program of activities.


In spite of that, with all these reasons, pedagogical teams are united in their purpose. They must carry out an organizational and pedagogical activity in children's groups. In any children's society, the efforts of any members from a pedagogical team should provide physical and psychological well-being of the children, to fulfill various programs, from simple entertainment and ease up to the serious trainings.


  Pedagogical Teams and Social Ethics Top


The students of 1styear from various pedagogical institutes are involved in social activity, they present and develop their own interests, work with social initiatives, and get professional skills, personal, and social significance of specialists in student's pedagogical teams.[8] As we can see in practice, pedagogical teams, which use cooperating principles, provide high quality of realizing the educational programs, develop and test them actively, deploying new technologies, looking for unusual ways of solving actual problems of education, creating an educational experience, which from our point of view, needs to be thought over.[9] In Penza State University, there are four permanent pedagogical teams which are different in their structure and organization, duration of existence, and experience along with the volunteering groups. Now, it is time to observe the factors of success in social and pedagogical spheres, taking “Plamenniy” as an example, which has been founded in 1982. This group is officially registered and works all the year. It brings together students from different educational organizations of the city with teaching as well as nonteaching professions. Moreover, it includes young people who have graduated but continue their activities in the team which provides them with an opportunity for self-actualization in the field of social and pedagogical activities.

For more than 24years of history of the pedagogical team, there were some thousands of young people in its membership. This fact clearly indicates that for a long period of time, the pedagogical team is a unique association which remains to be interesting for the youth, first of all, due to the variety of activities. The idea of creating a “Plamenniy” was mostly due to romanticizing the paramilitary unit, whose members were assigned to serve the motherland and also due to the high discipline in the performance of tasks as the most important aim. As a tribute to the historical past, the head of the pedagogical team is called “the commander” and the person who's responsible for the moral condition of its members is called “the commissioner.” This practice is close to the tradition of outstanding Soviet teacher and innovator, A. S. Makarenko, who proposed to use games in the organization of social action, where the game is considered as a factor, provides self-actualization of young teachers. There is another symbolic name which is the “leader,” a member of the pedagogical team group, where the “leader” is associated with a guide indicating the road.

The intensity itself of social and pedagogical activities of the association members requires almost military precision and dedication, so the feeling of working in a team helps to make stress and restriction of freedom decreased intensively. On the other hand, counselors are inspired by pedagogical activities, which motivate them toward achieving personal professional growth, as they receive the strongest emotional impressions caused by the positive reactions of children to their actions. The result of the pedagogical team members is not delayed by time. On the contrary, it is shown in every situation of communication with children and with each other. It also naturally stimulates their creativity. The lack of teaching experience is compensated by the relationship between the counselors and children, when a small age difference between them helps to create an image of their leader as the most favorable image of “the first among equals,” and that fact becomes a reason of having a desire to build a relationship based on trust. The organizational structure of the pedagogical team is rather complicated. It is built on a democratic basis, recognizing the supreme authority of the general convention of all members. The governing body is the council elected at the general assembly. At the time of various events, there are some groups that can be instantly created based on the need, which makes the structure flexible according to the type of activity and complexity of the set tasks, so the governing body is changing regularly, also a distinctive feature of the organizational structure which is the presence of “newcomers,” just joined the team and “oldies,” which are experienced members of the team. The maintenance of the team's organizational nucleus provides continuity and unity of generations. It is a good condition for its development and transformation to countless number of members in this association, which as it is known, has a great potential in the self-reproduction, similar but smaller.

The organizational structure reflects the complicated synthesis of the various relationships in the team.

  • First of all, business relations of equal partners who have rights and duties, assignments and powers, and interaction aimed at concerted actions and steps
  • Second, it is a personal relationship of sympathy and affection, which are very important for young people. This kind of relation contributes to psychological intimacy and often develops into friendship
  • Third, it is a corporate relation system of the basic facilities, norms, and traditions that form the sense of belonging to the team. These values allow everyone to define what behavior is acceptable in the team and what is not.


As for the absolute values of the pedagogical group “Plamenniy,” there are the following ones:

  • The desire to bring joy to people
  • Cooperation in activities and dialogues
  • Creativity as a rule of life
  • Tendency to self-improvement.


It should be mentioned that more than 30years values underwent some changes, being determined by social and political events in the country. However, they have always been a tool for the strategic development of the team. For young people, not only substantive content of spiritual values has a great importance but also their external forms play a role here.

  • Verbal–Name, slogan, parables, legends, anecdotes
  • Objective–Uniform, a flag. The flag accompanies the team at all important events and raises the patriotic spirit of the members
  • Graphic–Emblem, logo, drawings
  • Musical–Melodies, signals, songs that not only performed but also invented
  • Manner–The rituals and traditions as elements of social and cultural behavior, passed from generation to generation(cortege of the flag, initiation inside the counselors, celebrating of anniversaries, the day of the pedagogical team, traditional surprises, gifts, etc.).


The popularity of corporate symbols, rituals, and attributes is defined by adequacy of counselors' expectations, colorful design, emotional impact, and the universalism of their presentation at various events. Of course, the corporate culture of pedagogical group is mostly built by the director and his leaders, but it is important to note that some already known precepts have never been introduced to the life of the team. All of them were born only in the cases of common experience of the participants. The corporate culture of the pedagogical team is always connected to the work, play, improvization, dramatization, and art because these forms of activities are the best to satisfy the needs of young people in self-realization and public self-presentation. In such situations people acquire new experiences and become ready and motivated. Ahigh level of consolidation of the pedagogical team and their values, goals, and the ways of activity causes its transformation into a specific social organism and assures its achievement of excellent results in the social and pedagogical spheres.


  Pedagogical Team Activity Top


The variety of relations and corporate culture is being fulfilled by the practice of the cooperative activity of “Plamenniy” members, which is realized in some directions. First, these are social and pedagogical projects. There is no need to say that project skills are very important for a future specialist and it is impossible to analyze some data and concretize goals, organize productive cooperation, and work out new technologies. The pedagogical team is a laboratory for studying and developing different project skills. There are some projects in “Plamenniy” which were intended to help handicapped children. This direction is a very popular one if we pay attention to the fact that according to the official information and announcement, there are about 5% of children in the country who have some problems with health and most of them are problems of their development connected with the difficulties in the sphere of studying and learning.[3]

Another project of “Plamenniy” which has been successful for 6years is addressed to a small group of teenagers, but those children who have committed serious offenses or even crimes and who are in correctional educational colonies deserve this special attention. The key practice of joint activity in the pedagogical team is the program of summer holiday in children's camps. As a rule, they are of three types:

  • Complex–A program of camp activities, including the various holiday entertainments
  • Profiled(specialized)–With one of the program's leading activity, focused mostly on a particular category and a contingent of children
  • Theme session program–Dedicated to an event, a memorable date, and a phenomenon.


“Plamenniy” activity enriched with the appearance of the international(foreign) students in Penza who not only have to study but also need to adapt the new cultural, social, and ethnographic surroundings. The language barrier and the routine problems lead to lock the foreign students within their ethnic group.


  Conclusion Top


The study conducted in this paper claims that building of combined social and pedagogical system to present developed team which is having the potential of creating sociocultural mechanism of education and bringing up different children and teenagers, motivate the young people to work on themselves and society as per the priorities of social growing, forming the personality of a socially active teacher for the mobility of students. The scope of this paper is limited; however, in our future, we will work in below directions:

  • Conducting the study on social development models in student's pedagogical teams
  • Designing the novel organizational and pedagogical conditions in the promotion of students' pedagogical teams
  • Systematic pedagogical teams' activity execution strategies
  • Legal groundwork for students' activity through integration of learning and extracurricular activity
  • Legal groundwork for pedagogical teams' activity
  • International cooperation and experience exchange between the pedagogical teams.


Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

 
  References Top

1.
Lygina AI. Sociocultural Determination of Parenting: Monograph. Penza, 2006. p. 141.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Mudrick AB. Introduction to Social Pedagogy: Educational Allowance. Part 1. Penza: PKI and ABM; 1994. p. 171.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
TugarovA, DudkinA, LavryonovaT, LyginaM. Social and legal aspects of interaction in rendering assistance to children involved in difficult life situations. European Society or European Societies: AView from Russia. Moscow: Maska; 2009. p.442-3.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
NazimuddinSK. Social mobility and role of education in promoting social mobility. Int J Sci Eng Res 2014;70:176.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
IsernhagenJC, BulkinN. The impact of mobility on student performance and teacher practice. The Journal of At-Risk Issues 2011;16:17-24.  Back to cited text no. 5
    
6.
ReynoldsAJ, ChenC, HerbersJE. School Mobility and Educational Success: AResearch Synthesis and Evidence on Prevention. APresentation at the Workshop on the Impact of Mobility and Change on the Lives of Young Children, Schools, and Neighborhoods, Board on Children, Youth, and Families. Washington, DC: National Research Council; 2009.  Back to cited text no. 6
    
7.
RumbergerRW. The causes and consequences of student mobility. JNegro Educ 2003;72:6-21.  Back to cited text no. 7
    
8.
MeekerSD, EdmonsonS, FisherA. The voices of high school dropouts: Implications for research and practice. Int J Sch Disaffect 2009;6:40-52.  Back to cited text no. 8
    
9.
BridgelandJM, DiIulio JJ Jr., MorisonKB. The Silent Epidemic: Perspectives of High School Dropout. Washington, DC: Civic Enterprises; 2006.  Back to cited text no. 9
    




 

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   Abstract
  Introduction
  Pedagogical Teams
   Pedagogical Team...
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